Guarantee of deposits and titles

In the labyrinth of financial uncertainty, people often find themselves questioning the safety of their deposits, securities, and life insurance. The assurance that deposits are guaranteed sparks curiosity, but what does this guarantee truly entail?

Guarantee of deposits and titles

Decoding Deposit Guarantees: A €100,000 Shield

The prevailing rule sets a safeguard at €100,000 per depositor and per establishment, a significant increase from the previous limit of €70,000. This safety net extends universally, unaffected by the number of deposit accounts one holds with a single institution. Even in joint accounts, each holder is considered separately, granting a maximum guarantee of €200,000 for the joint account.

Navigating Joint Accounts: Ensuring Fair Coverage

If you share a joint account, the guarantee shields each co-holder for their respective share, typically half of the balance. Moreover, if individual accounts coexist with joint accounts in the same bank, the €100,000 guarantee encompasses both the joint and personal account balances.

The Umbrella of Guarantees: What's Covered?

This comprehensive guarantee spans various deposit types, encompassing current accounts, term accounts, bank books, youth savings accounts, home savings plans (CEL and PEL), popular savings plans (PEP), and the cash account linked to securities or a PEA.

Banking on Safety: Approved Institutions

The guarantee extends its protective wings over all banking establishments approved by the Prudential Control and Resolution Authority (ACPR), regardless of whether they are French banks or subsidiaries of foreign banks. For branches of foreign banks within the European Economic Area, the guarantee of the country of origin applies, adhering to a uniform €100,000 limit since January 1, 2011.

Family Matters: Even Minors Are Covered

Consider this scenario: you and your spouse each have a personal bank account, a joint account, and individual PELs. The guarantee ensures that each depositor, including minor children, is considered separately. Even in the event of a total family balance, each member is entitled to their portion under the €100,000 protective umbrella.

The Guarantee Unveiled: What to Expect in Case of Bankruptcy

When the specter of bankruptcy looms over a bank, the deposit guarantee takes center stage. The Prudential Control and Resolution Authority (ACPR) appoints a temporary administrator, triggering the guarantee fund into action.

The Process Unfolded: A Closer Look

In the face of bank bankruptcy, depositors need not take any action. The guarantee fund conducts an audit, sending a detailed statement to each depositor within a fortnight. This statement outlines covered assets and those excluded from compensation. Depositors have seven days to contest, after which the guarantee fund has twenty working days to compensate.

History of Inaction: A Reliable Safety Net

Remarkably, since its inception, the guarantee has never been invoked due to bankruptcy. It stepped in preventively once, aiding the takeover of a struggling institution without depositors' awareness. In a severe crisis, the guarantee aligns with state protection to support depositors.

Financial Realities: Balancing Act

Considering the vast deposits of approximately €1,650 billion, the Deposit Guarantee and Resolution Fund holds €1.8 billion. While seemingly modest, the fund can call on exceptional contributions from members and borrow if needed.

Bankruptcy Declarations: When Rare Becomes Even Rarer

Declaring a bank bankrupt is a rarity, occurring when a bank can no longer meet its commitments. European banks, especially French ones, stand solid due to their predominantly investment and retail banking nature. Their autonomy from interbank market fluctuations, thanks to substantial deposits, adds an extra layer of stability.

Avoiding the Domino Effect: Retail Banks in Focus

For retail banks, the prospect of bankruptcy is hard to fathom. In times of distress, they might be nationalized or supported by others, ensuring no immediate impact on deposits. During the 2008 crisis, some depositors spread assets across banks to stay under the €100,000 threshold, seizing favorable terms offered by banks in need of cash.

Securities Safety Net: A Rarely Touched Guarantee

A securities guarantee exists, capped at €70,000 per securities account holder. Yet, its activation is even less likely than that of deposit guarantees. It comes into play only if a bankrupt institution fails to return securities to savers, a rarity given the infrequency of bank failures.

Conclusion: Navigating the Assurance Waters

In the intricate world of finance, understanding deposit guarantees is crucial for every individual. The robust €100,000 safeguard, coupled with a meticulous process in case of bankruptcy, provides a safety net. While bankruptcy is a rare event, knowing the intricacies of guarantees ensures a sense of financial security.

FAQs: Unraveling the Mysteries

Can the guarantee be split between joint account holders?

Yes, each co-holder in a joint account is covered for their respective share, typically half of the balance.

Are all types of deposits covered by the guarantee?

Absolutely. The guarantee spans various deposit types, including current accounts, term accounts, and savings plans.

What happens if a bank declares bankruptcy?

The deposit guarantee comes into play. The ACPR appoints a temporary administrator, and the guarantee fund compensates depositors.

Why has the guarantee never been invoked due to bankruptcy?

The guarantee fund has, at times, intervened preventively to support struggling institutions, avoiding a full-scale bankruptcy scenario.

Is the securities guarantee as crucial as the deposit guarantee?

The securities guarantee is less likely to come into play, reserved for situations where a bankrupt institution fails to return securities to savers.

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